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Poster Sessions

Crossing Borders: Internationalizing the Collections at San Josť State University.

Presenters: Peggy Cabrera, Nyle Monday, San Jose State University

In this poster session, librarians Cabrera and Monday describe the approach they undertook in internationalizing the collections at SJSU. As history and global studies librarians, they discuss how their particular departments are already "internationalized" to some extent due to the very nature of the subject areas. Even so, much can still be done to bring a more global perspective to their library's collections. Moreover, they recognized that this is not one that can be taken on unilaterally by the library. Rather, it must be a cooperative action done in consultation with the entire community. They have summed up the process in the "4 Cs" listed below:

  • Commitment

    How important is globalization to the campus and, most importantly, to the campus administration? Are they willing to commit time, money, and other resources in a coordinated effort to globalize the campus?

  • Community

    Who is in the community? What cultures and languages are represented both on campus and in the surrounding community?

  • Curriculum

    How is globalization represented in the curriculum of the university? How many classes focus on particular cultures, languages, geographical areas, etc.?

  • Collection

    The library's collection must be surveyed to determine such things as: how many books/journals deal with how many specific cultures or geographical areas?; what foreign language materials (excluding language instruction materials) already reside in the collection; etc.?

    Cabrera and Monday will discuss how they began actively internationalizing their collections and detail how they surveyed their colleagues and community to learn about their collection choices.

    Ethos and Evaluating Sources

    Presenters: April Cunningham, Saddleback College Library; Richard Hannon, Palomar College Composition Instructor

    While the check-list method of evaluating websites may work well for students who have been raised to understand that the questions of currency, typography, and copyright are getting at a deeper issue of a source's goodness, this method may seem arbitrary to students without this upbringing. Instead of assuming that students will understand the connection between the quality of a website and its discreet features (e.g., date revised), the ethos approach introduces students to the very core of academic values. Ethos is the analysis of arguments to determine their ethical soundness and the author's ethical purpose, and it is a more relevant evaluative criterion in our current information-rich society than it ever has been before.

    Academic values, such as ethos, are essential for all new college students to learn so they can make the correct judgments as they become part of the academic community. Often academic institutions assume that students already share these values or will develop them by osmosis during their general education courses. Perhaps some students have the experience to pick up these values in this indirect way. First generation and immigrant students, however, may need more directed instruction in order to develop their comfort with academic values. Teaching students about ethos in conjunction with information competency will reinforce the academic values that may be unfamiliar, but are essential, to college students.

    Globalizing the Library at a Hispanic Serving Institution

    Presenters: Ann Morgan, Sonia Chaidez, Cal Poly Pomona

    In 2005 the Cal Poly Pomona Library received a $2.1 million grant from the Department of Education's Hispanic Serving Institutions (HSI) program. The focus of our grant is strengthening library resources. At the time of the CARL Conference in April 2008 we will be halfway through our five-year grant period. In this poster we will report on progress to date, focusing on two of our grant's four major funding categories:

    1) The development of a Hispanic Studies Collection supporting the study of all aspects of Hispanic culture and and bringing multiculturalism to the campus community. Our definition of Hispanic studies is very broad and is not limited to literature, history, and the arts. We are acquiring materials from as many disciplines as possible especially in areas linked to our polytechnic curriculum: business, agriculture, architecture, education, food and hospitality. Media (film and music) is a major component of the collection and we are also acquiring electronic resources.

    2) Implementation of an information literacy program through a three-tiered series of Web tutorials. These multimedia tutorials provide pedagogically-sound instruction, including text, images, animation, and short online assessment quizzes to gauge student learning outcomes after information literacy instruction, and they are designed for Section 508 accessibility requirements. Technologies and pedagogies used in this project will also be discussed.

    Information Literacy: Evaluating Empirical Investigations

    Presenters: Josť Montelongo, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo

    "How can libraries and academic librarians help students summarize and evaluate the empirical studies that appear in journals?" is the question this poster session attempts to answer. Conference attendees will be shown examples of Web-based modules that guide students through both the summarization and evaluation of a quantitative research study.

    The fundamental component of the module is a text guide of an entire journal article. Each of the article's paragraphs is followed by two strands of exercises. One strand is designed to prompt students to find the main ideas of an article. These main ideas are then used to scaffold the writing of the summary. The second type of activity is designed to help the student engage in critical thinking while interacting with the text of the article. Through the use of strategically-placed questions, students develop the ability to evaluate a study's strengths and weaknesses and its potential to generalize the findings to real-world phenomena. In addition to summarizing and evaluating a research study through this process, students may also develop the skills required to design their own research studies.

    The Information-Literate Science Teacher in the Global World

    Presenters: Karin Griffin, Hema Ramachandran, CSU Long Beach

    poster :: bibliography

    Two librarians at California State University, Long Beach (the Science Education Librarian and the Engineering Librarian) are collaborating and building a program with faculty in the Science Education department to show pre-service science teachers how they can incorporate information literacy into their lesson plans. The poster will track their project from informal discussions of mutual interests to how they approached the faculty to launch a pilot program to incorporate these ideas into their curriculum.

    It is well documented that the USA is not keeping up in the global economy and is losing its competitive edge. Our students (the high tech workers of tomorrow) are not attracted to science and engineering in the numbers that they should be. Science teachers are constantly looking for ways to pique the interest of their students. It is hoped that incorporating information seeking and research skills will give science teachers another tool in the classroom. As a by-product, the teachers will also enhance their skills to pursue their own research and professional development goals.

    We will offer tips and strategies on how academic and school librarians can initiate similar programs on their own campuses. A Web site will be developed to track resources, tools and assessment.

    It is hoped that we will play a small part in educating the future workforce and citizens to have the skills to perform and compete in a global economy and to pursue lifelong science learning.

    The Nitty-Gritty of Library Instruction for International Students: The Cal Poly Pomona Library Experience

    Presenters: Donald Page, Calif. State Polytechnic University, Pomona

    International students have library instructional needs that differ from students educated in the United States. Their differing needs are based on cultural background, native language, instructor/student relationship assumptions, and an education based within an information culture quite dissimilar to that in the United States. This poster session is aimed at librarians already familiar with, and adequately trained in, normal library instructional and information competency methods.

    To properly and successfully instruct international students in accessing and assessing library resources, awareness of cross-cultural communication skills, body language and speech delivery, and international students' information culture background can greatly assist in making sure your visiting students have a positive and productive library experience.

    This poster session will also present how the Cal Poly Pomona Library resources are utilized in library instruction to international students enrolled in the Cal Poly English Language Institute (CPELI) for ESL Level 3 learners. Presentation will be made of this librarian's "learning curve" of instructional methods that worked or did not work, as well as a brief description of some of the PowerPoint presentations made by CPELI students to their ESL instructor and fellow classmates based partially on their library research following bibliographic instruction.

    Open Library: Free Global Digital Resources

    Presenters: Alexis Rossi, Project Leader, Open Library

    Open Library is a project of the 501(c)(3) non-profit Internet Archive, a digital library located in San Francisco. The Internet Archive currently has over 100 billion web pages archived, but we also archive video (100,000 items), audio (200,000 items) and text (250,000 items) resources. We have been digitizing monographs for about 2 years, and we currently run scanning centers in eight libraries in three countries. All of these materials are available for free to anyone with a computer, and we currently provide about 1.5 million downloads per day.

    The Open Library project is intended to make discovery of text resources easier for both libraries and patrons. Open Library will have one web page for every book ever published. These book pages will contain all of the information we know about the book, including links to digital copies, reviews, and other discovery-related content. Open Library is an open source project, currently in demo form at

    Our poster session will inform CARL attendees about the Open Library and ways in which they can participate in or benefit from it. Libraries will be able to bulk download catalog records, including records for full text materials, and incorporate them into local catalogs to expand full-text offerings. Libraries may also upload catalog information to make their resources more findable, or they may want to create projects on top of our framework or data. The Open Library poster session will be interesting to both technical and non-technical staff.

    Recruiting Student Workers Using Facebook

    Presenter: Kelci Baughman McDowell, University of San Francisco

    poster :: handout

    As the student assistant supervisor for USF's Gleeson Library's Reference and Research Services Department, I decided to recruit student assistants via the USF student employment website as well as subgroups on the USF Network on Facebook. This poster session shares the outcomes of the experiment (which was more effectivethe student employment website or Facebook?), observations of the differences/pros and cons between the two, and commentary on Facebook privacy issues.

    Reference on the Go: Collaborating with the Writing Center

    Presenters: Shahla Bahavar, Ph.D.; Susan Gardner, University of Southern California

    Librarians at the University of Southern California piloted a semester-long "roving reference" project in collaboration with the Writing Center, a division of the University's Writing Program. Roving takes place in the center's conference room equipped with six computers and wireless access. The Writing Center itself is situated in the Language Lab, which often attracts second language and international students seeking help with language and grammar. USC librarians come to the conference room to sit in on scheduled, hands-on small group research workshops on documenting and integrating sources into a paper. The workshops are taught by Writing Center staff, last one hour, and are followed by one-on-one assistance. In addition, librarians "rove" at the center during scheduled afternoon shifts for four hours per week by sitting on-site in the conference room to meet and consult with students dropping by for tutoring sessions on language, grammar, or writing. The Writing Center has a mission very much akin to the USC Libraries in that it works to improve students' critical thinking and writing skills, and therefore it makes a logical partner. Participating librarians keep statistics and notes from their experiences as well as collect feedback from students they assist. Marketing efforts for the project included posters, bookmarks, and announcements to the Writing Program students and staff. We found the pilot to be a good outreach mechanism, and we plan to run the pilot again next semester. This poster session will chronicle our roving reference pilot project, including marketing and feedback mechanisms.

    Reference Tools to Fit the Needs of Global Researchers': The Collections of Rio de Janeiro

    Presenters: Andre Gabriel Garza, California State University, Stanislaus

    The poster will illustrate the outcome of cooperation between a California academic librarian and a branch of the U.S. Library of Congress. This collaboration was necessary to produce a resource which makes known the collections of the libraries and cultural institutions of one of Latin America's most significant cities, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

    Because of its history as the country's political, economic, and cultural capital for nearly 200 years, its libraries possess many "hidden" special collections that are of great use to international researchers. Several of the country's major cultural institutions are still located in Rio, such as the National Library, Museo de Arte Moderno, Teatro Municipal, Museu Imperial, and National Archives. Although many of Rio's libraries and cultural institutions do have an Internet presence, a great number do not, and of those that do the Web sites are often difficult to use, under construction, or "off the air" more often than not.

    Researchers complained about this fact to the LOC-Rio director. She shared this information with me. Shortly thereafter we decided to address the need by working collaboratively to produce a guide to the special collections held in Rio's libraries and cultural institutions. The effort has resulted in the production of a database which consolidates and makes known and accessible 349 collections held within 112 Rio institutions.

    The poster will tell the story of the challenges and collaboration in the birth and production of a single source that reveals the content, subject matter, scope and breadth of library and cultural institution collections in the historically significant state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.